Whether it’s misplacing a set of keys or forgetting the name of an old friend, everyone experiences the occasional memory lapse. But when it happens to a parent or older loved one, when should you be concerned?
You may have read about recent studies that have linked those common “senior moments” to the development of dementia. According to Alzheimer’s experts, people who report their own memory concerns are in fact among the most likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia.
New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital shows a distinct correlation between self-reported cognitive concerns and the buildup of beta-amyloid, a chain of amino acids in the brain that play an important role in Alzheimer’s development. In addition, individuals who carry the ApoE4 genetic mutation, which is often associated with the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, are also more likely to report cognitive decline with age.
If you find yourself worrying about your memory or your loved one’s, talk to your doctor about your concerns. Despite these new findings, the occasional memory lapse is still considered a regular part of aging. Here are a few ways to spot the difference between a normal “senior moment” and the onset of dementia:
- Difficulty finding a particular word
- Misplacing items such as keys or a watch
- Occasional mood swings
- Forgetting the name of an old friend or colleague
Early signs of dementia
- Difficulty communicating
- Inability to plan or organize
- Increased anger or sadness for no apparent reason
- Problems with disorientation or getting lost in a familiar place
- Forgetting the name of a close friend or loved one
While more research is being done every day, doctors still haven’t found a cure or definite way to prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Past studies have shown the best way to keep your mind sharp is through a healthy lifestyle. It’s never too late to start including these healthy habits into your daily routine:
- Perform a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity every other day.
- Get at least eight hours of sleep each night.
- Take an hour-long “brain break” to play challenging games, such as Tetris, Mah Jongg, Sodoku or Scrabble.
- Relieve stress through reading or putting together a puzzle.
- Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as well as lean sources of protein. Studies have shown berries and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, are essential for brain health.
- Maintain an active social life. Taking a cooking class or volunteering at a community garden are great ways to stay active and meet friends.
Gregory Sweat, MD, is the Medical Director of the Shawnee Mission Physicians Group and practices Family Medicine at Shawnee Mission Primary Care - Prairie View Medical Building.